The place from where Pančić's Omorika and land come from
January 1, 1970
by Милош Симић
Zaovine on mountain Tara, one of the most beautiful places in Serbia
Today we are going to Serbia. Serbia has a lot of interesting and very pretty places. A lot of tourists in one year come to Serbia, and from here have a much impression. We are going to place named Zaovine on mountain Tara. Now we starting the story and travel about village Zaovine, mountain Tara, Zaovine’s lakes and Pancic’s Omorika.
A place preserved from the Internet and a vice of the Information Age, in which due to the lack of street lighting at night, the sky and the earth differ only in that there are more stars in the sky shining than illuminated windows in the houses. Zaovine at Tara or more precisely, on the shores of Lake “Zaovine”, in the municipality of Bajina Basta in the summer, the tourist season counted more tourists than residents. This linkage of 28 hamlets which binds Taru with Zlatibor and Mokra Gora valley presents a kind of summation of closely related natural and historical sites.
What Zaovine have?
Zaovine does not have a lot of things, but it seems that the shy, the “old” residents of Zaovine, those who out of curiosity due to barking dogs protrude through the windows to see who does not go easily cope with these shortcomings. In Zaovinama can clearly see the difference between a house in which one lives and those that are made for the issuance or cottages for those who are your problem existential threat found in the developed, European countries. On farms where people live in winter and summer, when warm and when the sights, the houses are dilapidated, they dropped the plaster and lime and frames the windows are cracked. The fence along the steep and rocky paths are crooked and covered with lichen, a board on the roofs of ancillary facilities warped and covered with moss. After a couple of sheep which graze on, due to the inability of its possessor, neokošenim parts of the yard. Of course, this is not a rule, There is beautifully decorated property, where people live with children and grandchildren, a lot of households have lathes that produce timber, which is one of the crafts that are cherished in Zaovinama.
Houses “foreign workers” are in smaller estates, with stone foundations and wood. Everything smells of fresh paint and new windows. Houses wealthier homeowners or those living abroad on luxury houses compete with the issue of accommodation for tourists, almost the same as competing provide company on their plates satellite television.
Zaovine have not a lot of paved roads, they have the stone roads. They have a lot of rivers, water flowing everywhere, there are streams and small rivers where water flows from the earth. Zaovinama missing residents! According to the last census of 2011 in Zaovinama live 263 inhabitants aged between 55 and 60 years old.
Zaovine has a little number peoples, but they have a many fences. Every meadow, every meter pastures, parts of the forest are clearly marked crooked, bent and rolled out fences, but every is good when made a fence. Fences serve everyone in the world only to rules of discord, hatred, strife, and contrast. Let them have only two cows, a vast clearing, three or four sheep that Blejec turning the “bell” (the folk term for a sheep or ram on which is hung a bell), it is important that the fence is located.
Dams and lakes in Zaovine
Modern symbols “very old’s” Zaovina the artificial lake at 881 meters above sea level. These two accumulator lake creates a river Beli Rzav, which was make da
On Tara, just in Zaovine, botanist Josif Pančić in 1875 found endemic (the term for the plant, which is located in one, in most cases a small area) of the area, Pancic’s Omorika. In this area there are about 50 per cent of the flora of Tara which is about 15 percent of total flora of Serbia. There is the presence of about 600 species, among them the Pancic’s Omorika.
The slender tree, which branches at the top raised to the sky, branches of the middle are practically in of angle of 90 degrees to the tree, those at the bottom are bent to the ground, and the tips of branches with “needles” is directed upwards. Pancic’s Omorika grows mainly in limestone at about 400 meters and rises to 1700 meters above sea level. It may represent a fossil because it is thought to date back from the period of the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million by the last ice age, from about 1.8 million years ago.
Straight stone – City
Also in the village, Zaovine is the oldest piece of land in this area. In the area of Western Serbia once upon a time was Pannonian sea, was once more as evidenced by the fossilized remains of shells and snails in the rocks, and the oldest part of the land is a monolith “Straight stone” popularly known as the “City”. The stone is located in the basin of the river Beli Rzav where the paved road turns to the hamlet of “Filipovići” and continues uphill through a wooded area with good viable paths to the place where is one house (then without people), and on top of place several graves. Road to the top of the wall, although locals say that the recently-made is quite impassable, steep and slippery, covered with twigs and rotting naslgama Opal needles can easily deceive naive and ill-equipped tourists, although it is for hikers obstacle to gently warming.
At a high stone, surrounded with a natural fence of coniferous forests, was a medieval fortress that is considered to be from the time of the dynasty Kotromanića or Altomanović also to him hiding one of the most famous hajduka (Serbian warrior from Ottoman’s impery time ), where the national poet dedicated a few songs, “Kostreš harambaša” (the name of Serbian warrior).
Twilight was in the area still (despite currents that have mepštani in homes) first sign sunset days. Yes, end of the day because just then somewhere day as it starts and people are waking up. Here is the sunset is only mosquitoes with humid coast rapids and streams, and a witness of change and old grandfather are conducting their emaciated herd of sheep through Zaovinsko fence to water (river).
*Hajduk (Serbian warrior from Ottoman’s impery time )