Sights of Nizhny Novgorod
January 1, 1970
by Julia Zhitskaya
How to buy tickets from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod.
I want to tell a little about the trip to Nizhny Novgorod. We bought the tickets a week before departure. High-speed trains “Strizh” and “Lastochka” go from Moscow. On the way 3 hours 35 minutes and 3 hours 50 minutes. Tickets can be purchased online at http://www.rzd.ru. The cost is not more than 2000 rubles or 30$. Departure time is different, we chose an evening train. The hotel arrived late at night. The hotel we had was the “Silver Key”, we found it on https://www.booking.com. The location is excellent, right on the walls of the Kremlin. If you plan to walk a lot, I advise you to stop in the old part of the city, there are many beautiful sights here.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin and the Christmas Church.
In the morning we went to see the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin – this is the main attraction of the city. The construction of the Kremlin began in the 16th century, the walls of which were supposed to protect the city from the raids of the Tatars. The walls are two kilometers long with 12 towers, previously there were 13. At the moment on the territory of the Kremlin are the authorities, art museum, philharmonic society, eternal fire and other places. From May to November, visitors can walk along the wall of the Kremlin, from «Dmitrievskaya» to the «Zachatskaya» Tower and back. For me, it was the longest route on the walls of the Kremlin in Russia. After dinner, we went to see another sight, the Christmas Church.
The construction of the Christmas Church began in 1697 and was completed by 1703. The temple was finished only in 1719. In 1722 Emperor Peter I arrived in Nizhny Novgorod. After the liturgy, the church was closed. Historians say that the closing of the Christmas Church occurred on the orders of Peter I, he recognized the icons that he ordered for the Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg, and they were bought from the master in secret from the tsar for Nizhny Novgorod. The belfry stands apart from the church.
Earlier, there were clocks on the bell-tower, from which only the dials remained. In the 1860s the bell tower began to fall, for twenty years it deviated 1.2 meters from the vertical axis. In 1887, it was necessary to change its foundations and shift the upper tiers. The temple was consecrated in 1719 and burned three times in 1768, 1782, 1788. In 1913 the church was restored but then closed by the Bolsheviks in 1930. During the Second World War, the premises of the church housed a pharmacy warehouse. In 1993, Christmas Church was re-consecrated and restored. The temple is very beautiful, both outside and inside. The iconostasis is very beautiful. Outside, the temple is covered with white stone carving – vine, flowers, apples, pears, pomegranates, shells, and curls. Inside is also very beautiful. We spent a whole day on visiting the Kremlin, the Christmas Church and visiting the art museum.
The Chkalovskaya staircase and the estate of Rukavishnikov.
On the second day, we decided to ride on a funicular and take a walk around the city. We once again went to the park in the Kremlin and after went to the Chkalovskaya staircase. Chkalovskaya staircase – is a large staircase. It can be called biggest. It was named after the famous pilot Valery Chkalov, a native of Nizhny Novgorod province. In 1937, he made a non-stop flight through the North Pole Moscow-Vancouver. The construction was started in 1943. I really do not understand how during the Second World War funds were allocated for its construction. In the construction were involved captured Germans. The completed staircase was in 1949. The staircase consists of 560 steps and is built in the form of figure eight. Begins the descent from the upper observation platform. This structure can be seen even from the opposite bank of the Volga, thanks to its size. We did not go down the stairs but went along the Verkhne-Volzhskaya street. On the street, there are many architectural structures.
The mansion of the merchant «Sirotkin», the estate of merchant Rukavishnikov, the building of the former Mariinsky Institute of Noble Maidens, etc. Particular attention, I want to give Manor Rukavishnikov.
In the 19th century, this house fell into debt to a large pawnbroker and owner of a steel plant, Mikhail Rukavishnikov. His son decided to rebuild the estate in the style of an Italian palazzo. Now the white-blue building is distinguished by the luxury of decoration and its beauty. Passing the whole street, we got a little lost but soon found a funicular. Local residents use it as a transport for work (it’s faster than going from one bank to another by car.) Of course, you can take a guide and go with him, but I advise you to just buy a ticket and ride yourself. The cost is 100 rubles (1.5$) one way. By the way, if you have a Pay pass card, you can not stand at the cash register, but go through the card through the turnstile, the ticket price will be cheaper than when you buy at the ticket office.
The view from the cable car to the cities and the river leaves a vivid impression. On the road you will pass the “mossy mountains” As people call it, the fields are on the banks of the Volga, where you can take a stroll, the local people say that there are many different berries and mushrooms growing there, I do not know, we did not check it. After a walk in the Cable Car, we decided to take a stroll through the evening city. On the embankment walk the locals, there is also a bicycle zone, a lot of shops with food and ice cream. I really advise you to try ice cream, in Nizhny Novgorod, it is very tasty. We ate ice cream every day. I do not advise walking in the night city since there are not many highlights in the city, many streets are dark.
The Nizhny Novgorod bank on Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street.
We decided to rent bikes and ride around the city. Bicycles we took on the main street of the city – Bolshaya Pokrovskaya. It became the main street at the end of the 18th century before the revolution was noble, the simple poor people had nothing to do here. It stretches for more than two kilometers and is pedestrian, closed to motor transport. On the street, there are many architectural monuments: the House of Trade Unions, the building of the chambers of commerce with the busts of Tolstoy, Pushkin and Dostoevsky, the puppet theater, the Aleksey Gorky Drama Theater and the State Nizhny Novgorod Bank.
Most of all we were impressed by the Nizhny Novgorod bank. Its construction was timed to coincide with the 300th anniversary of the reign of the Romanov dynasty, and, of course, the building had to correspond to this date. The result was a festive and richly decorated architectural ensemble reminiscent of a medieval castle.
The building was built in 1911-1913. The central place on the dome was previously occupied by the emblem of the Russian Empire. Under Soviet rule, the building was wanted to be demolished but left untouched. Only the emblem of Russia was changed to the USSR. They say that the interiors of the main building are not inferior to its appearance. The halls were decorated in the style of the chambers and could be intended for the royal family. Unfortunately, we did not get inside, as everyone can get inside and inspect the perfectly preserved interiors only one day a year. Usually, it happens on the All-Russian Museum Day – May 17. The building is now used for its original purpose – it houses the central administration of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation for the Nizhny Novgorod region. Nearby is a small chapel. This compact two-story building stands to the right of the bank. The main legend of the construction that the tower had to be built one night before the visit of Emperor Nicholas II to hide from view one of the balconies of the neighboring building, as the tenants hung out their underwear.
The Pechersky Monastery and Christmas Street.
On the big Pokrovsky street, we took bicycles and went to the Pechersky Monastery. It was a bit difficult for me to ride a bicycle because the central part of the city is mostly hilly, the streets go up and down. We went down to the quay and drove along the bike path. Closer to the monastery went the park. Pechersky Monastery was founded in 1328, however, then the building completely collapsed because of a landslide.
Today on the territory of the monastery there is a museum of the history of the Nizhny Novgorod diocese. At the entrance to the territory, there is a cafe, they prepare delicious pies with cabbage, cottage cheese and apples. After visiting the monastery, we returned the bikes and went for a walk in the evening city.
I advise you to stroll along Christmas Street, there are many bars and cafes on it. In the Christmas street, is one of the central streets of the city, is the house of Nikolai Alexandrovich Bugrov, built in 1896.
The building was built to the 16th All-Russian Trade and Industrial Exhibition. It was built during the preparatory works on the improvement of Nizhny Novgorod. Christmas street was considered a commercial and business center of the city, in this street was located shops, banks, and mansions. Nikolai Alexandrovich Bugrov invested in the urban development in Nizhny Novgorod. On the first floor of the building, there were shops, on the second floor was the Volga-Kama Bank. Since 1957, the building was the theater of comedy. Here it is the “Japanese Center”. The house of N.A. Bugrov We went to Herring and coffee, an atmospheric cafe, a great selection of beer https://vk.com/seledkabar. In the evenings he plays live DJ. The place is not expensive and youthful. We liked.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral and The Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
On the fourth day of our vacation, we left Nizhny Novgorod and we did not have much time. On the way to the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, we passed the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
Construction of the fair began in 1817, for this was invited to the famous French architect Betancourt. The complex at that time was striking imagination because the living-room consisted of 60 buildings. Outside, he is still gorgeous. But I had a feeling of emptiness, whether it was because it was a working day, or because of the reconstruction of the complex.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is not far from the fair.
It was laid in 1864 in memory of the visit of the fair by Emperor Alexander II. In 1868 the construction of the temple began. The iconostasis of a record height of 23 meters was written by Moscow masters. In 1881 the temple was consecrated. During the Soviet era, the cathedral was closed, but fortunately, it was not destroyed, and its restoration began only in 1983. In 2009 the church received the status of a cathedral. Go inside, the temple is very beautiful, in the interior certainly worth paying attention to the extensive iconostasis. After walking at the temple, we hurried to the train, with positive impressions from visiting Nizhny Novgorod.